The Geography of Ghana

[These materials have been adapted from the section on Ghana in the 2000 CIA World Factbook.]


Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, between Cote d'Ivoire and Togo

Geographic coordinates

8 00 N, 2 00 W


Area -- comparative

slightly smaller than Oregon

Land boundaries

Maritime claims


tropical; warm and comparatively dry along southeast coast; hot and humid in southwest; hot and dry in north


Natural resources

Land use

Natural hazards

dry, dusty, harmattan winds occur from January to March; droughts

Environment -- current issues

recent drought in north severely affecting agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water

Environment -- international agreements

Geography note

Postcolonial Web Africa OV Ghana OV